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design of tilmicosin solution used for infectious laryngotracheitis

  • EVALUATION OF TILMICOSIN IN TREATMENT OF

    2014-10-7 · Macrolide antibiotic: Tilmicosin phosphate (Pneumotac solution each ml contain 300 mg) administered in drinking water (0.5ml/liter) daily for 3 successive days. Bacterial strain: Mycoplasma gallisepticum (strain S6), Animal Health Research Institute, El-Dokki, Giza, used for experimental infection via air sacs

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  • Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of tilmicosin

    2018-8-17 · Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of tilmicosin-SLN against Streptococcus agalactiae: in vitro and in vivo studies Luyan Zhu,1 Xiaoxia Cao,1 Qinxin Xu,1 Jing Su,1 Xihe Li,2,3 Wenzhong Zhou1 1Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, People’s Republic of China; 2Research Center for Animal Genetic ...

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  • Rapid detection of infectious laryngotracheitis virus ...

    2010-4-1 · The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) from commercial broiler and layer flocks in southern China. A set of six specific primers was designed to recognize six distinct genomic sequences of thymidine kinase (TK) from ILTV.

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  • Preparation, characterization, and pharmacokinetics of ...

    2020-12-1 · Tilmicosin (TMS) is a macrocyclic antibiotic specially used in veterinary clinics, but its extreme bitterness limits its use. This study aimed to obtain a taste-masked formulation of TMS by hot melt extrusion (HME) technology and to investigate the formulation’s characterization, stability, and effects in vitro/in vivo.Eudragit® E PO was selected as the carrier, and TMS dissolution in ...

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  • Air sampling for detection of infectious

    2020-12-9 · Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an acute and highly contagious viral respiratory disease of poultry, caused by gallid herpesvirus 1 (ILTV), which causes significant economic losses. Due to recent outbreaks of ILT in Australia, it has been proposed that ILT could be transmitted between poultry sheds by airborne transmission; however, there has never been direct detection of ILTV from air samples.

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  • Optimization and application of a high-resolution

    2020-9-10 · HRMA was used for the characterization of Infectious Laryngotracheitis virus. • This methodology allowed the differentiation between haplotypes 1, 2–3, 4 and 5. • Characterization results were compared with those obtained previously by sequencing. • The concordance between HRMA and sequencing was of 97.49%.

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  • Preparation and Characterization of Three Tilmicosin ...

    Tilmicosin (TLM) is an important antibiotic in veterinary medicine with low bioavailability and safety. This study aimed to formulate and evaluate physicochemical properties, storage stability after lyophilization, and antibacterial activity of three TLM-loaded lipid nanoparticles (TLM-LNPs) including solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs), nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs), and lipid-core ...

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  • Seroprevalence of infectious laryngotracheitis disease

    2020-6-24 · Following draining and washing of the wells for 3 times with wash solution 1X, 100 μl of substrate solution was added into appropriate each wells and incubated at room temperature of 21 °C for 15 min by placing the plane in a dark place. Finally, 100 μl of stop solution was added to the each well to stop the reaction.

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  • Infectious laryngotracheitis: an update on current ...

    2020-8-18 · Infectious laryngotracheitis is a respiratory disease of poultry caused by the Gallid alphaherpesvirus 1, also known as infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV). It is a member of the subfamily of Alphaherpesvirinae (genus Iltovirus ), and primarily infects chickens, but infections were also reported in pheasants, peafowls, and turkeys ( Winterfield and So, 1968 ; Crawshaw and Boycott, …

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  • Comparison of Bovine Transfer Factor and Tilmicosin ...

    2021-3-15 · kg were used in a completely randomized design to determine the effects of bovine TF on the health and performance of beef cattle during a 36-day receiving period. During initial processing, heifers received either a subcutaneous injection of tilmicosin phosphate at 10 mg/kg of body weight or an oral drench which provided 700 mg of

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  • RECOMBINANT INFECTIOUS LARYNGOTRACHEITIS

    This attenuated virus is useful as a vaccine against infectious laryngotracheitis virus. The present invention also provides a recombinant, attenuated infectious laryngotracheitis virus comprising the infectious laryngotracheitis viral genome which contains a deletion in the US2 gene, UL47-like gene, ORF4 gene or glycoprotein g60 gene.

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  • Optimization and application of a high-resolution

    2020-9-10 · Introduction. Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a worldwide occurring respiratory chicken disease, generally observed in areas of highly intensive poultry production 14.. The causal agent of this disease is the infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) or Gallid Herpesvirus-1 (GaHV-1), a member of the genus Iltovirus of the family Herpesviridae 9, whose genome consists of a linear double ...

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  • US Patent for Recombinant infectious

    More Than 100 Amino Acid Residues US Patent for Recombinant infectious laryngotracheitis virus and uses thereof Patent (Patent # 7,045,598) Recombinant infectious laryngotracheitis virus and uses thereof . Apr 30, 2004 - Schering-Plough Animal Health. The present invention provides recombinant and/or isolated infectious laryngotracheitis virus ...

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  • US Patent for Recombinant infectious

    Recombinant infectious laryngotracheitis virus and uses thereof . Nov 6, 2001 - Schering Corporation. Recombinant, attenuated infectious laryngotracheitis virus containing a deletion or deletion in a glycoprotein gene are provided. Also provided are glycoprotein genes, gD, gI, gG, and gE as well as other viral genes. ...

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  • Enhancement of the immunogenicity of an infectious ...

    2010-8-1 · Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) is a member of the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily of the Herpesviridae family which causes serious respiratory disease worldwide in chickens which affects growth and egg production and may lead to death of the animals. ... the cells were resuspended with 500 μl of PBS solution, and the percentages of CD3 ...

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  • Recombinant infectious laryngotracheitis virus and

    The following abbreviations are used, infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), pseudorabies virus (PRV), β-glucuronidase gene (uidA), Escherichia coli (E. coli), polyadenylation signal (poly A), and base pairs (BP). FIGS. 10A-10B: Detailed description of the DNA insertion in Plasmid Vector 544-39.13.

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  • Preparation and Characterization of Three Tilmicosin ...

    Tilmicosin (TLM) is an important antibiotic in veterinary medicine with low bioavailability and safety. This study aimed to formulate and evaluate physicochemical properties, storage stability after lyophilization, and antibacterial activity of three TLM-loaded lipid nanoparticles (TLM-LNPs) including solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs), nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs), and lipid-core ...

    Get Price
  • Product Lifecycle Mgmt (PLM) Software | R&D

    Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) software. Design quality products faster and improve profit margins – with on-premise and cloud-based product lifecycle management (PLM) software from SAP. Watch the overview video Request a demo. A digital experience for supply chain professionals, starting in June. Watch the replays.

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  • Research Design: Definition, Characteristics and Types ...

    2021-7-19 · Research design is a framework of methods and techniques chosen by a researcher to combine various components of research in a reasonably logical manner so that the research problem is efficiently handled. Read all about research design definition, characteristics, and types.

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  • EVALUATION OF TILMICOSIN IN TREATMENT OF

    2014-10-7 · Macrolide antibiotic: Tilmicosin phosphate (Pneumotac solution each ml contain 300 mg) administered in drinking water (0.5ml/liter) daily for 3 successive days. Bacterial strain: Mycoplasma gallisepticum (strain S6), Animal Health Research Institute, El-Dokki, Giza, used for experimental infection via air sacs

    Get Price
  • Rapid diagnosis of infectious laryngotracheitis using a ...

    2018-6-16 · Avian Pathology (1992) 21, 77-86 Rapid diagnosis of infectious laryngotracheitis using a monoclonal antibody-based immunoperoxidase procedure J. S. GUY,1 H. J. BARNES2 & LYNDA G. SMITH1 1 Departments of Microbiology, Pathology and Parasitology, and 2Food Animal and Equine Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700

    Get Price
  • US Patent for Recombinant infectious

    Recombinant infectious laryngotracheitis virus and uses thereof . Nov 6, 2001 - Schering Corporation. Recombinant, attenuated infectious laryngotracheitis virus containing a deletion or deletion in a glycoprotein gene are provided. Also provided are glycoprotein genes, gD, gI, gG, and gE as well as other viral genes. ...

    Get Price
  • Protection of chickens from infectious laryngotracheitis ...

    2018-6-10 · Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an economically important disease of chickens caused by a type I gallid herpesvirus, infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV). The vaccines currently available are modified live viruses, which are effective in preventing disease outbreaks. However, they have often

    Get Price
  • In vivo assessment of the antipyretic activity of tilmicosin

    Tilmicosin Tilmicosin used in the present study was obtained as the patent drug preparation Pneumotac® (ADWIA, 10th of Ramadan City, Egypt), formulated as 100 mL amber glass vials containing 333.828 mg tilmicosin phosphate/mL, equivalent to 300 mg tilmicosin/mL. To be suitable for mice, the drug solution was diluted in injection sterile

    Get Price
  • Recombinant infectious laryngotracheitis virus and

    The following abbreviations are used, infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), pseudorabies virus (PRV), β-glucuronidase gene (uidA), Escherichia coli (E. coli), polyadenylation signal (poly A), and base pairs (BP). FIGS. 10A-10B: Detailed description of the DNA insertion in Plasmid Vector 544-39.13.

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  • REPLICATION AND TRANSMISSION OF LIVE

    REPLICATION AND TRANSMISSION OF LIVE ATTENUATED INFECTIOUS LARYNGOTRACHEITIS VIRUS (ILTV) VACCINES. Avian Diseases Digest, 2007. AndRës AviLa. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 …

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  • Recombinant infectious laryngotracheitis virus and

    2001-11-6 · The following abbreviations are used, infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), pseudorabies virus (PRV), β-glucuronidase gene (uidA), Escherichia coli (E. coli), polyadenylation signal (polv A). and base pairs (BP). [0035] FIGS. 10A-10B: Detailed description of the DNA insertion in Plasmid Vector 544-39.13.

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  • Infectious laryngotracheitis virus in chickens. -

    2012-10-1 · Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an important respiratory disease of chickens and annually causes significant economic losses in the poultry industry world-wide. ILT virus (ILTV) belongs to alphaherpesvirinae and the Gallid herpesvirus 1 species. The transmission of …

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  • Infectious laryngotracheitis of birds - General ...

    Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILP) - acute infectious respiratory disease of birds of the order of chickens characterized by catarrhal-hemorrhagic inflammation of the mucous membranes of the trachea, nasal cavity, conjunctiva and accompanied by difficulty in breathing, wheezing and cough. History reference.For the first time the disease was described in 1925. in the United States, Mei and ...

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  • Protein expression and phylogenetic analysis of

    2015-9-19 · Key words: Avian infectious laryngotracheitis, Thymidine kinase, pTZ57R/T, pGEX-4T-3, Phylogenetic analysis, protein expression. INTRODUCTION The infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an acute and highly contagious disease of chickens which is caused by a member of the herpesviridae family called gallid herpesvirus 1.

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  • Infectious laryngotracheitis virus in chickens. -

    2012-10-1 · Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an important respiratory disease of chickens and annually causes significant economic losses in the poultry industry world-wide. ILT virus (ILTV) belongs to alphaherpesvirinae and the Gallid herpesvirus 1 species. The transmission of …

    Get Price
  • Attenuated infectious laryngotracheitis virus vaccines ...

    2019-3-28 · Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a respiratory disease that affects chickens. It is caused by the alphaherpesvirus, infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV). This virus undergoes lytic replication in the epithelial cells of the trachea and upper respiratory tract (URT) and establishes latent infection in the trigeminal ganglia (TG) and trachea. Live attenuated vaccines are widely used to ...

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  • Infectious laryngotracheitis of birds - General ...

    Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILP) - acute infectious respiratory disease of birds of the order of chickens characterized by catarrhal-hemorrhagic inflammation of the mucous membranes of the trachea, nasal cavity, conjunctiva and accompanied by difficulty in breathing, wheezing and cough. History reference.For the first time the disease was described in 1925. in the United States, Mei and ...

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  • Guidance for Industry

    2019-5-9 · Guidance for Industry Characterization and Qualification of Cell Substrates and Other Biological Materials Used in the Production of Viral Vaccines for Infectious Disease

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  • REPLICATION AND TRANSMISSION OF LIVE

    REPLICATION AND TRANSMISSION OF LIVE ATTENUATED INFECTIOUS LARYNGOTRACHEITIS VIRUS (ILTV) VACCINES. Avian Diseases Digest, 2007. AndRës AviLa. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 …

    Get Price
  • REPLICATION AND TRANSMISSION OF LIVE

    REPLICATION AND TRANSMISSION OF LIVE ATTENUATED INFECTIOUS LARYNGOTRACHEITIS VIRUS (ILTV) VACCINES. Avian Diseases Digest, 2007. AndRës AviLa. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper.

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  • TR-4689: MetroCluster IP Solution Architecture and

    NetApp® MetroCluster is a continuously available storage solution for NetApp ONTAP® running on FAS and AFF systems. MetroCluster IP is the latest evolution that uses an Ethernet-based back-end storage fabric. MetroCluster IP provides a highly redundant configuration to meet the needs of the most critical business applications. Because MetroCluster IP is included in ONTAP, it does not require ...

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    2005-8-22 · Design the building for seismic loads as per IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002. General 1. The example building consists of the main block and a service block connected by expansion joint and is therefore structurally separated (Figure 1). Analysis and design for main block is to be performed. 2 The building will be used for exhibitions, as an

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  • Protection of chickens from infectious laryngotracheitis ...

    2018-6-10 · Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an economically important disease of chickens caused by a type I gallid herpesvirus, infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV). The vaccines currently available are modified live viruses, which are effective in preventing disease outbreaks. However, they have often

    Get Price
  • Rapid diagnosis of infectious laryngotracheitis using a ...

    2018-6-16 · Avian Pathology (1992) 21, 77-86 Rapid diagnosis of infectious laryngotracheitis using a monoclonal antibody-based immunoperoxidase procedure J. S. GUY,1 H. J. BARNES2 & LYNDA G. SMITH1 1 Departments of Microbiology, Pathology and Parasitology, and 2Food Animal and Equine Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700

    Get Price
  • Methylome Analysis in Chickens Immunized with

    2015-6-24 · Infectious Laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a disease caused by the Gallid herpesvirus 1 (GaHV-1). The disease spreads worldwide and presents a challenge for the poultry industry due to its detrimental economic impact. Morbidity varies from 50 to 100%, and mortality between 10 and 20%, reaching sometimes 70% of the flocks .

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  • REPLICATION AND TRANSMISSION OF LIVE

    REPLICATION AND TRANSMISSION OF LIVE ATTENUATED INFECTIOUS LARYNGOTRACHEITIS VIRUS (ILTV) VACCINES. Avian Diseases Digest, 2007. AndRës AviLa. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 37 …

    Get Price
  • In vivo assessment of the antipyretic activity of tilmicosin

    Tilmicosin Tilmicosin used in the present study was obtained as the patent drug preparation Pneumotac® (ADWIA, 10th of Ramadan City, Egypt), formulated as 100 mL amber glass vials containing 333.828 mg tilmicosin phosphate/mL, equivalent to 300 mg tilmicosin/mL. To be suitable for mice, the drug solution was diluted in injection sterile

    Get Price
  • Protection Induced by Infectious Laryngotracheitis Virus ...

    SUMMARY. Two types of live attenuated vaccines have been used worldwide for the control of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV): 1) chicken embryo origin (CEO) vaccines; and 2) tissue culture origin vaccines (TCO). However, the disease persists in spite of extensive use of vaccination, particularly in areas of intense broiler production.

    Get Price
  • Infectious laryngotracheitis virus in chickens

    Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a member of the Herpesviridae, the genus Iltovirus and Gallid herpesvirus 1 species[1-3].It was first reported in the 1920s; however, this disease may have existed in chickens much earlier[].The genome of ILT virus (ILTV) is …

    Get Price
  • Update on Laryngotracheitis Epidemiology and

    2021-6-28 · Update on Laryngotracheitis Epidemiology and Control Methods. John A. Smith, DVM, MS, MAM, Director of Health Services, Fieldale Farms Corporation describes his experience of ILT from recent outbreaks in Georgia state. He presented the paper at the North Carolina Broiler Supervisor's Short Course Conference earlier this year.

    Get Price
  • Infectious laryngotracheitis: Etiology, epidemiology ...

    2020-12-1 · Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a highly contagious upper respiratory tract disease of chicken caused by a Gallid herpesvirus 1 (GaHV-1) belonging to the genus Iltovirus, and subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae within Herpesviridae family. The disease is characterized by conjunctivitis, sinusitis, oculo-nasal discharge, respiratory distress, bloody mucus, swollen orbital sinuses, high morbidity ...

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  • Common diseases in laying hens - Vet Times

    2020-6-27 · Infectious laryngotracheitis. This is a herpesvirus with high morbidity and up to 70 per cent mortality. Dysnpoea, gasping, coughing of mucus and blood, egg drop, ocular discharge, sinusitis and nasal discharge are all signs. There is no treatment, other than antibiotics, to control secondary infection. Lymphoid leukocis

    Get Price
  • Rapid diagnosis of infectious laryngotracheitis using a ...

    2018-6-16 · Avian Pathology (1992) 21, 77-86 Rapid diagnosis of infectious laryngotracheitis using a monoclonal antibody-based immunoperoxidase procedure J. S. GUY,1 H. J. BARNES2 & LYNDA G. SMITH1 1 Departments of Microbiology, Pathology and Parasitology, and 2Food Animal and Equine Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700

    Get Price
  • A Homopolymer Stretch Composed of Variable Numbers

    aqueous solution was precipitated by adding two vol-umes of ethanol and 0.1 volume of 3 M NaOAC (pH 5.2) and cooling at -70 C for 15 min. The DNA precipitate was collected by centrifugation at 12,000 x g at 4 C for 15 min, washed by 70% ethanol, and dissolved in 100 pl of TE buffer (10 mM Tris, pH 8.0, 0.1 mM EDTA). Primer design.

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  • Methylome Analysis in Chickens Immunized with

    2015-6-24 · In this study we investigated the methylome of chickens immunized with Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) vaccine derived from chicken embryos. Methyl-CpG binding domain protein-enriched genome sequencing (MBD-Seq) method was employed in the detection of the 1,155 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) across the entire genome. After validation, we ascertained …

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  • Protection Induced by Infectious Laryngotracheitis Virus ...

    SUMMARY. Two types of live attenuated vaccines have been used worldwide for the control of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV): 1) chicken embryo origin (CEO) vaccines; and 2) tissue culture origin vaccines (TCO). However, the disease persists in spite of extensive use of vaccination, particularly in areas of intense broiler production.

    Get Price
  • Efficacy of enteric‐coated tilmicosin granules in pigs ...

    2019-10-7 · Due to its unique antibacterial activity and pharmacokinetic characteristics, it has been widely used in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, especially respiratory diseases and mastitis in lactating animals (Shen et al., 2005). At present, the tilmicosin premix products that are being marketed are mainly used in swine feed mixture.

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  • Engineering Systems Design Rhapsody - Overview | IBM

    2021-7-19 · Rhapsody is part of the IBM Engineering portfolio that provides a collaborative design development, and test environment for systems engineers that supports UML, SysML, UAF and AUTOSAR. The solution also allows for control of defense frameworks (DoDAF, MODAF and UPDM) and helps accelerate industry standards such as DO-178, DO-178B/C and ISO ...

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    2016-11-18 · Design with ASD and LRFD are based on the same nominal strength for each element so that the only differences between the approaches are which set of load combinations from ASCE/SEI 7-10 are used for design and whether the resistance factor for LRFD or the safety factor for ASD is used.

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    The aim of this journal is to provide ideas and information involving the use of the finite element method and its variants, both in scientific inquiry and in professional practice. The scope is intentionally broad, encompassing use of the finite element method in engineering as well as the pure and applied sciences. The emphasis of the journal will be the development and use of numerical ...

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    1997-10-7 · Most documents, whether memorandums, proposals, research articles, research reports, or design reports, are composed of a selection of these elements. Front Matter Title page. Abstract. Table of contents. List of figures. List of tables. List of terms. Acknowledgments Body Introduction. Background. Theory. Design criteria. Materials and ...

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  • Infectious laryngotracheitis virus in chickens

    Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a member of the Herpesviridae, the genus Iltovirus and Gallid herpesvirus 1 species[1-3].It was first reported in the 1920s; however, this disease may have existed in chickens much earlier[].The genome of ILT virus (ILTV) is …

    Get Price
  • The anti-nociceptive potential of tilmicosin against ...

    2015-10-30 · Tilmicosin was obtained as the patent preparation Pneumotac® (ADWIA, 10th of Ramadan City, Egypt) that is a subcutaneous therapy for pneumonia and other respiratory diseases in cattle and sheep, formulated as 100 mL amber glass vials containing 333.828 mg tilmicosin phosphate/mL, equivalent to 300 mg tilmicosin/mL. The drug solution was ...

    Get Price
  • Use of Hypochlorous Acid as Prophylaxis in Health ...

    2020-12-24 · The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 is a global emergency present in 6 continents including 66 countries, incurring a shortage of effective and safe therapeutic alternatives that can contribute to reducing the risk of contamination, as well as …

    Get Price
  • Update on Laryngotracheitis Epidemiology and

    2021-6-28 · Update on Laryngotracheitis Epidemiology and Control Methods. John A. Smith, DVM, MS, MAM, Director of Health Services, Fieldale Farms Corporation describes his experience of ILT from recent outbreaks in Georgia state. He presented the paper at the North Carolina Broiler Supervisor's Short Course Conference earlier this year.

    Get Price
  • Pharmacokinetics of tilmicosin in healthy pigs and in pigs ...

    Keywords: Haemophilus parasuis, high pressure liquid chromatography, infected pigs, pharmacokinetics, tilmicosin Introduction Tilmicosin (TIL) is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic widely used in veterinary medicine. It is a 16-member macrolide prepared by chemical modification of desmycosin [30]. The

    Get Price
  • Pathogenicity and growth characteristics of selected ...

    2018-6-6 · Infectious laryngotracheitis is a highly contagious dis-ease of chickens with a worldwide distribution that causes severe production losses due to increased mor-bidity, moderate mortality, decreased egg production, weight losses, and/or predisposition to other respiratory avian pathogens (Guy & Bagust, 2003). Infectious

    Get Price
  • Common diseases in laying hens - Vet Times

    2020-6-27 · Infectious laryngotracheitis. This is a herpesvirus with high morbidity and up to 70 per cent mortality. Dysnpoea, gasping, coughing of mucus and blood, egg drop, ocular discharge, sinusitis and nasal discharge are all signs. There is no treatment, other than antibiotics, to control secondary infection. Lymphoid leukocis

    Get Price
  • Tilmicosin | Drug Information, Uses, Side Effects ...

    General indications include upper respiratory tract infections, bronchopneumonia, bacterial enteritis, metritis, pyodermatitis, urinary tract infections, arthritis, and others. Formulations for treating mastitis are also available and often have the advantage of a short withholding time for milk. /Macrolides/.

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  • Infectious laryngotracheitis, Biology - Expertsmind.com

    Biology Assignment Help, Infectious laryngotracheitis, I nfe c tio u s laryngotracheitis It is a slow, laterally spreading respiratory disease of chickens, pheasants, peafowl and turkeys caused by a herpes virus with high morbidity but low to medium mortality. There is a marked variation in the

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Evaluation of the protection elicited by direct

    Introduction Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a highly contagious vaccination is extremely important since some of the disease of chickens that may cause severe production available live attenuated vaccines provide different losses due to morbidity, mortality, decreased egg pro- grades of protection, particularly when applied by coarse ...

    Get Price
  • Use of Hypochlorous Acid as Prophylaxis in Health ...

    2020-12-24 · Hypochlorous acid (HClO) is a powerful antimicrobial and antiviral used for the control of various infections, repair and washing of surgical wounds, as well as for disinfection of surfaces. ... of 99.9% at a concentration of 0.05% and a pH of 5.2 per minute of action for different types of bacteria and for infectious microorganisms ...

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  • Update on Laryngotracheitis Epidemiology and

    2021-6-28 · Update on Laryngotracheitis Epidemiology and Control Methods. John A. Smith, DVM, MS, MAM, Director of Health Services, Fieldale Farms Corporation describes his experience of ILT from recent outbreaks in Georgia state. He presented the paper at the North Carolina Broiler Supervisor's Short Course Conference earlier this year.

    Get Price
  • Pathogenicity and growth characteristics of selected ...

    2018-6-6 · Infectious laryngotracheitis is a highly contagious dis-ease of chickens with a worldwide distribution that causes severe production losses due to increased mor-bidity, moderate mortality, decreased egg production, weight losses, and/or predisposition to other respiratory avian pathogens (Guy & Bagust, 2003). Infectious

    Get Price
  • Pharmacokinetics of tilmicosin in healthy pigs and in

    Tilmicosin (TIL) is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic widely used in veterinary medicine. It is a 16-member macrolide prepared by chemical modification of desmycosin [].The antimicrobial activity of TIL is reportedly better than that of tylosin [].TIL has a mechanism for inhibiting the protein synthesis of susceptible bacteria by combining simultaneously with the 50S subunits in the ...

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  • Tilmicosin | Drug Information, Uses, Side Effects ...

    General indications include upper respiratory tract infections, bronchopneumonia, bacterial enteritis, metritis, pyodermatitis, urinary tract infections, arthritis, and others. Formulations for treating mastitis are also available and often have the advantage of a short withholding time for milk. /Macrolides/.

    Get Price
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    This document describes high-level architecture and design concepts for NetApp MetroCluster features in NetApp ONTAP 9.5 storage management software. NetApp uses cookies and similar technologies to improve and customize your online experience. By closing this banner or by browsing this site, you agree and accept the use of cookies.

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  • (PDF) Evaluation of the protection elicited by direct

    Introduction Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a highly contagious vaccination is extremely important since some of the disease of chickens that may cause severe production available live attenuated vaccines provide different losses due to morbidity, mortality, decreased egg pro- grades of protection, particularly when applied by coarse ...

    Get Price
  • Infectious laryngotracheitis, Biology - Expertsmind.com

    Biology Assignment Help, Infectious laryngotracheitis, I nfe c tio u s laryngotracheitis It is a slow, laterally spreading respiratory disease of chickens, pheasants, peafowl and turkeys caused by a herpes virus with high morbidity but low to medium mortality. There is a marked variation in the

    Get Price
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    Solution: Singleton design pattern is the best solution of above specific problem. So, every design pattern has some specification or set of rules for solving the problems. What are those specifications, you will see later in the types of design patterns.

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  • Use of Hypochlorous Acid as Prophylaxis in Health ...

    2020-12-24 · The pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 is a global emergency present in 6 continents including 66 countries, incurring a shortage of effective and safe therapeutic alternatives that can contribute to reducing the risk of contamination, as well as …

    Get Price
  • Pharmacokinetics of tilmicosin in healthy pigs and in pigs ...

    Keywords: Haemophilus parasuis, high pressure liquid chromatography, infected pigs, pharmacokinetics, tilmicosin Introduction Tilmicosin (TIL) is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic widely used in veterinary medicine. It is a 16-member macrolide prepared by chemical modification of desmycosin [30]. The

    Get Price
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    2021-3-25 · by Mordechai Sones‍America's Frontline Doctors (AFLDS) spoke to former Pfizer Vice President and Chief Science Officer Dr. Mike Yeadon about his views on the COVID-19 vaccine, hydroxychloroquine and ivermectin, the regulatory authorities, and more.At the outset, Dr. Yeadon said 'I’m well aware of the global crimes against humanity being perpetrated…

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  • Optimization and application of a high-resolution

    Introduction. Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a worldwide occurring respiratory chicken disease, generally observed in areas of highly intensive poultry production 14.. The causal agent of this disease is the infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) or Gallid Herpesvirus-1 (GaHV-1), a member of the genus Iltovirus of the family Herpesviridae 9, whose genome consists of a linear double ...

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  • The current epidemiological status of infectious coryza ...

    Infectious coryza (IC) is an infectious disease caused by Avibacterium (Av.) paragallinarum. IC is known to cause economic losses in the poultry industry via decreased egg production in layers. Between 2012 and 2013, Av. paragallinarum was isolated from seven chicken farms by Chungbuk National University. We identified Av.

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  • What is universal design? | DO-IT

    The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions. An example of a product applying this principle is an educational software program that provides guidance when the user makes an inappropriate selection. Low Physical Effort. The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of ...

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  • Jorge Soto: The future of early cancer detection? | TED

    Solution: Singleton design pattern is the best solution of above specific problem. So, every design pattern has some specification or set of rules for solving the problems. What are those specifications, you will see later in the types of design patterns.

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  • Eye on Design – AIGA Eye on Design

    openmediavault is the next generation network attached storage (NAS) solution based on Debian Linux. It contains services like SSH, (S)FTP, SMB/CIFS, DAAP media server, RSync, BitTorrent client and many more. Thanks to the modular design of the framework it can be enhanced via plugins. OpenMediaVault is primarily designed to be used in home environments or small home offices, but is not ...

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  • Methylome Analysis in Chickens Immunized with

    2015-6-24 · Infectious Laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a disease caused by the Gallid herpesvirus 1 (GaHV-1). The disease spreads worldwide and presents a challenge for the poultry industry due to its detrimental economic impact. Morbidity varies from 50 to 100%, and mortality between 10 and 20%, reaching sometimes 70% of the flocks .

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  • Infectious Bronchitis Virus: Classical and Variant Strains

    2018-6-4 · Infectious Bronchitis Virus: Classical and Variant Strains 4 Table 1. Percent cross-protection afforded SPF white leghorn chickens vaccinated by eyedrop at 2 to 3 weeks of age with live infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) vaccines and challenged 4 weeks later with homologous and heterologous reference strains and variant field isolates.

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  • Relationship between mortality, clinical signs and ...

    2006-4-23 · Relationship between mortality, clinical signs and tracheal pathology in infectious laryngotracheitis Naomi C. Kirkpatrick1, Alireza Mahmoudian1, Cheryl A. Colson1, Joanne M. Devlin2 and Amir H. Noormohammadi1* 1School of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia, and 2School of Veterinary Science, The University of …

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  • Frontiers | Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic ...

    2019-6-12 · Mycoplasma gallisepticum is the major pathogen causing chronic respiratory disease in chickens. In the present study, we successfully established a one-compartment open model with first-order absorption to determine the relationship between tilmicosin pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) indices and M. gallisepticum in in vitro. The aim was to simulate the PK/PD of tilmicosin …

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  • Detection of Infectious Bursal Disease virus from Formalin ...

    2019-9-1 · design shown in Table 1. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry A37% formaldehyde solution was diluted in either neutral phosphate buffered saline (PBS), distilled water, or was used undiluted for formalin fixation. The pH was adjusted with either 10% sodium hydroxide or 5% hydrochloric acid. Paraffin-embedded tissues were sec-

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  • Comparative Efficacy of DRAXXIN vs Zuprevo or Micotil

    Solution, implanted with Component® TE-IS, and identified with identical tags in each ear). The 3 antibiotics used for the control of BRD were administered at processing as follows (Figure 1): ! DRAXXIN Injectable Solution (tulathro-mycin): 2.5 mg/kg BW (1.1 mL/100 lb) single dose SC in the lateral neck for metaphylaxis on day 0, with a 10-day PMI

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  • Frontiers | A Highly Sensitive and Specific Probe-Based ...

    2021-4-12 · Avibacterium paragallinarum (historically called Hemophilus paragallinarum) causes infectious coryza (IC), which is an acute respiratory disease of chickens. Recently, outbreaks of IC have been reported in Pennsylvania (PA) in broilers, layer pullets, and laying hens, causing significant respiratory disease and production losses. A tentative diagnosis of IC can be made based on history ...

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  • BP Grade Tilmicosin Phosphate (1.5 MT) API needed

    A Spanish company whose business is the development, manufacturing and trading of additives and raw materials for animal nutrition is looking for suppliers of BP Grade Tilmicosin Phosphate (1.5 MT) API for veterinary purposes for the Egyptian market. The suppliers must support this enquiry with GMP.

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  • Real-time, MinION-based, amplicon sequencing for

    2020-3-5 · Infectious bronchitis (IB), which is caused by infectious bronchitis virus (IBV; Avian coronavirus), is one of the most important diseases of poultry, causing severe economic losses worldwide. 8 Clinical signs of disease are diverse and include respiratory distress, severe ocular discharge, poor body weight gain, decreased egg production, flushing (renal disease), and …

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  • US Patent Application for RECOMBINANT GALLID

    2018-4-20 · The invention relates to a recombinant Gallid herpesvirus 3 vector encoding heterologous avian pathogen antigens comprising one or more heterologous polynucleotide(s) inserted into the intergenic loci UL3/UL4 and/or UL21/UL22. The invention further relates to vaccines comprising said recombinant Gallid herpesvirus 3 vector and optionally a further Marek's disease virus vector and to a …

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