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working principle of xielian for decreased rumination

  • Emotional working memory training reduces

    2020-1-1 · Further, working memory training with emotional interference material can additionally improve one’s inhibition and change the microstates C parameters that might associate with rumination control, also showed a more prominent effect of reducing subjective rumination. These suggest that working memory training, especially the emotional working memory training, has the clinical potential to reducing rumination and symptoms of anxiety.

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  • The Association between Work-Related Rumination

    The change in social adjustment was not greater in the CT compared to TAU condition. Thus, a psychological intervention which reduces rumination decreased maladaptive submissive interpersonal behaviour. The implications of the findings are discussed in relation to theory of rumination and interpersonal theories of depression.

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  • The interpersonal context of rumination: An

    2020-11-1 · During rumination, within-DMN FC was generally decreased as compared to the distraction state. At the subsystem level, we found increased FC between the core and medial temporal lobe (MTL) subsystem as well as decreased FC between the core and dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC) subsystem and within the MTL subsystem.

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  • The subsystem mechanism of default mode network

    2017-1-1 · According to the “free-energy principle” (Friston, 2009, Hohwy, 2013), for example, free energy is a quantifiable measure of surprise that can be used to model neuronal simulations of perception and action. This framework presupposes that brains employ hierarchical models dedicated to predicting sensory input with the aim of minimizing free energy, viz, surprise or predictive error.

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  • Is Depressive Rumination Rational? - ScienceDirect

    2021-2-26 · Individuals with increased tendency to engage in rumination may be at increased risk of using alcohol as an impulsive and maladaptive strategy to cope with the rumination-induced emotional cascades (Selby et al. 2008; Selby and Joiner 2013; Selby et al. 2016; Watkins and Roberts 2020), since alcohol may provide temporary relief from such mood as demonstrated in this study (Armeli et al. …

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  • The acute effects of alcohol on state rumination in the ...

    2018-12-1 · Consistent with these data, WM training with neutral stimuli may have less consistent effects: it had no impact on reports of rumination and depression ; it decreased anxiety in high trait anxious individuals but didn’t change performance of an overt selective attention task with emotional faces ; and it didn’t impact teacher reports of children’s social and emotional behaviors in the classroom [48 •]. …

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  • From surviving to thriving in the face of threats: the ...

    2018-10-7 · [email protected] (N.L.); [email protected] (L.X.); [email protected] (C.D.) 2 Engineering Research Center for Transportation Safety, Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430063, China 3 School of Architecture and Transportation Engineering, Guilin University of …

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  • Driver’s Cognitive Workload and Driving Performance

    ActaOceanol. Sin., 2013, Vol. 32, No. 11, P.10-20 DOI:10.1007/s13131-013-0372-7 http://www.hyxb.org.cn E-mail: [email protected] ...

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  • Rainfalleffectonwindwavesandtheturbulencebeneathair

    2020-1-13 · Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is associated with mood-congruent processing biases towards negative information in working memory (WM), which is considered as the core manifest of cognitive vulnerability of MDD. This review provides an overview of the biased processing of emotional information of depression in three executive components of WM (i.e.

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  • Phenomenology and Treatment of Rumination -

    1993-1-1 · The prevalence of rumination among mentally retarded individuals living in residential care settings has been reported to be between 6% and 10%.11 Although no survey evidence describes its prevalence as a function of care setting, rumination is far more likely to be observed among severely and profoundly retarded individuals (93% of the 76 ...

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  • The Association between Work-Related Rumination

    The objective of this study was to examine the association between perseverative cognition in the form of work-related rumination, and heart rate variability (HRV). We tested the hypothesis that high ruminators would show lower vagally mediated HRV relative to low ruminators during their leisure time. Individuals were classified as being low (n = 17) or high ruminators (n = 19), using the ...

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  • Letting go of unmet goals: Does self-focused

    2017-1-1 · According to the “free-energy principle” (Friston, 2009, Hohwy, 2013), for example, free energy is a quantifiable measure of surprise that can be used to model neuronal simulations of perception and action. This framework presupposes that brains employ hierarchical models dedicated to predicting sensory input with the aim of minimizing free ...

    Get Price
  • Is Depressive Rumination Rational? - ScienceDirect

    Rumination is a term used to refer to unhelpful dwelling on problems, mistakes and losses. In particular, the research is examining whether people can be trained in and out of unhelpful ruminative thinking. 3. Rumination-focused CBT for residual depression.

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  • Redefining forage particle size for ruminants ...

    Adolescents can be at heightened risk for anxiety and depression, with accumulating research reporting on associations between anxiety and depression and cognitive impairments, implicating working memory and attentional control deficits. Several studies now point to the promise of adaptive working m …

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  • profile | Psychology | University of Exeter

    2021-7-1 · Training working memory to improve attentional control in anxiety: A proof-of-principle study using behavioral and electrophysiological measures Biological Psychology , 121 ( Pt B ) ( 2016 ) , pp. 203 - 212 , 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.09.008

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  • Adaptive working memory training can reduce anxiety

    2019-7-9 · decreased connectivity could be related to atrophy of glutamate principle neurons and loss of synaptic connections in the PFC. They also report that ketamine administration increased GBCr in PFC, caudate, and insula in responders and reversed the dys-connectivity of PFC with the rest of the brain. The authors note

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  • (PDF) Training Working Memory to Reduce

    Training Working Memory to Reduce Rumination Thomas Onraedt, Ernst H. W. Koster* Department of Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium Abstract Cognitive symptoms of depression, such as rumination, have shown to be associated with deficits in working memory functioning.

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  • The Association between Work-Related Rumination

    The objective of this study was to examine the association between perseverative cognition in the form of work-related rumination, and heart rate variability (HRV). We tested the hypothesis that high ruminators would show lower vagally mediated HRV relative to low ruminators during their leisure time. Individuals were classified as being low (n = 17) or high ruminators (n = 19), using the ...

    Get Price
  • Cognitive Inflexibility Among Ruminators and

    2019-2-2 · Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 24, No. 6, 2000, pp. 699–711 Cognitive Inflexibility Among Ruminators and Nonruminators Robert N. Davis1,2 and Susan Nolen-Hoeksema1 Dysphoric people who ruminate about their negative mood experience longer and

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  • Brooding Rumination and Heart Rate Variability in

    Brooding Rumination and Heart Rate Variability in Women at High and Low Risk for Depression: Group Differences and Moderation by COMT Genotype. According to the response styles theory (Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991), the tendency to ruminate, or passively contemplate the causes and consequences of one’s negative mood, contributes to the development and maintenance of depression.

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  • Letting go of unmet goals: Does self-focused

    2018-10-12 · Providing reappraisal support decreased depression via increase in reappraisal. ... rumination, working memory (Spanboard Task) WM training may be ineffective for depression, anxiety and rumination ... Training working memory to improve attentional control in anxiety: A proof-of-principle study using behavioral and electrophysiological measures ...

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  • From Surviving to Thriving in the Face of Threats: The ...

    2015-3-11 · The mystery around meditation has gradually decreased to where Lu (2015) presented “The simplest definition of mindfulness is paying attention to one’s experience in the present moment” (p. 52, emphasis added). Placed in the context of neuroplasticity and priming we can see that mindfulness meditation works because it disrupts rumination.

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  • Why Does Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy

    2012-3-28 · In subsequent studies, participants with high self-reported rumination exhibited this effect even after controlling for level of depressive symptoms. 61 Similar results have been reported in studies using emotional faces as stimuli; Goeleven et al. 62 found that, compared with nondepressed participants, depressed individuals exhibited decreased ...

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  • Cognitive Aspects of Depression. - Abstract - Europe

    Recognizing pain and assessing its intensity and duration are essential to ethical hypothesis-driven research as clinically relevant outcome measures, as a potential source of experimental error, and as a key component of animal welfare. 114 In addition to recognition of pain, pain management with effective analgesia and humane endpoints for ...

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  • A comprehensive tool box for large animal studies of ...

    2019-7-9 · decreased connectivity could be related to atrophy of glutamate principle neurons and loss of synaptic connections in the PFC. They also report that ketamine administration increased GBCr in PFC, caudate, and insula in responders and reversed the dys-connectivity of PFC with the rest of the brain. The authors note

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Training Working Memory to Reduce

    Training Working Memory to Reduce Rumination Thomas Onraedt, Ernst H. W. Koster* Department of Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium Abstract Cognitive symptoms of depression, such as rumination, have shown to be associated with deficits in working memory functioning.

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  • Thinking About Rumination: The Scholarly

    2019-7-17 · According to her response styles theory (RST), rumination is a maladaptive pattern of responding to distress by repetitively and passively focusing on the meanings, causes, and consequences of one's depressive symptoms rather than actively working toward a solution to resolve the circumstances surrounding these symptoms (Nolen-Hoeksema 1991 ...

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  • Cognitive Inflexibility Among Ruminators and

    2019-2-2 · Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 24, No. 6, 2000, pp. 699–711 Cognitive Inflexibility Among Ruminators and Nonruminators Robert N. Davis1,2 and Susan Nolen-Hoeksema1 Dysphoric people who ruminate about their negative mood experience longer and

    Get Price
  • Brooding Rumination and Heart Rate Variability in

    Brooding Rumination and Heart Rate Variability in Women at High and Low Risk for Depression: Group Differences and Moderation by COMT Genotype. According to the response styles theory (Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991), the tendency to ruminate, or passively contemplate the causes and consequences of one’s negative mood, contributes to the development and maintenance of depression.

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Ruminative Thinking: Lessons Learned From

    Rumination is an unproductive style of thinking that is difficult to control or stop (Nolen-Hoeksema et al., 2008). This perseverative nature led researchers to postulate that cognitive deficits and biases may cause ruminative thinking. Specifically, two main cognitive features of rumination have been proposed as core causative factors in ...

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  • Testing the Boundaries of Computerized Cognitive

    2012-11-9 · Cognitive control training (CCT) uses computer-based exercises to increase prefrontal cortex activation. Recent studies have found that depressed participants who received CCT significantly reduce their negative affect and rumination, and improve focus and concentration (Siegle et al. in Cogn Ther Res 31:235–262, 2007; Calkins et al. 2011). These promising findings raise questions about the ...

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  • (PDF) The Cessation of Rumination Through Self

    PERSONALITY PROCESSES AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES The Cessation of Rumination Through Self-Affirmation Sander L. Koole, Karianne Smeets, Ad van Knippenberg, and Ap Dijksterhuis University of Nijmegen Drawing from self-affirmation theory (C. M. Steele, 1988) and L. L. Martin and A. Tesser's (1989, 1996) theory of ruminative thinking, the authors hypothesized that people stop ruminating …

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  • profile | Psychology | University of Exeter

    My research concerns goal pursuit and motivation in personality/clinical psychology. Considering affect and cognition as systems working in the service of goal pursuit (e.g., Carver & Scheier, 1998), I investigate goals and motives in relation to repetitive thought (rumination), affect and its disorders.

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  • Cognitive Control, Cognitive Biases and Emotion

    2021-4-30 · Emotion Regulation, Cognitive Control, and Cognitive Biases. Emotion regulation is a key concept to consider when addressing depression. Emotion regulation occurs when one activates a goal to influence the emotion generative process (Gross and Jazaieri, 2014); in other words, “it is an activation of a goal that recruits one or more processes to influence emotion generation” (Gross et al ...

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  • Stress and aging: A neurovisceral integration

    2021-3-15 · In humans, decreased mPFC connectivity, decreased mPFC volume, and increased amygdala volume are associated with chronic stress (McEwen & Morrison, 2013; McEwen et al., 2016). Taken together these studies show that the effects of aging and the effects of stress on the brain show striking similarities.

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  • A Guide to Mindfulness for Beginners | Eden Health

    Decreased rumination. A study of novice meditators who were asked to attend an intensive mindfulness retreat, reported less rumination compared to a control group, along with reduced depressive symptoms, decreased negative affect and showed better working memory capacity and ability to focus.

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  • Frontiers | Goal Commitments and the content of

    A few empirically supported principles can account for much of the thematic content of waking thought, including rumination, and dreams. (1) An individual’s commitments to particular goals sensitize the individual to respond to cues associated with those goals. The cues may be external or internal in the person’s own mental activity. The responses may take the form of noticing the cues ...

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  • The Combined Effects of Self-Referent Information ...

    2012-10-7 · Adolescents who develop depression have worse interpersonal and affective experiences and are more likely to develop substance problems and/or suicidal ideation compared to adolescents who do not develop depression. This study examined the combined effects of negative self-referent information processing and rumination (i.e., brooding and reflection) on adolescent depressive …

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  • Frontiers | Cognitive Control, Cognitive Biases and ...

    2021-4-30 · Research traditions on cognition and depression focus on relatively unconnected aspects of cognitive functioning. On one hand, the neuropsychological perspective has concentrated on cognitive control difficulties as a prominent feature of this condition. On the other hand, the clinical psychology perspective has focused on cognitive biases and repetitive negative patterns of thinking (i.e ...

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  • Mindfulness at Work: Using Mindful Leadership in the

    2020-10-13 · These include response flexibility, decreased rumination, empathy, affect regulations, increased self-determination and persistence, improved working memory and more accurate affective forecasting (Glomb, Duffy, Bono, & Yang, 2012). Benefits of mindfulness in the workplace also include improvements in task commitment, and enjoyment of work ...

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  • Sensing solutions for improving the performance,

    The eSense are active PLF devices containing a 3-axial accelerometer designed for measuring rumination and motion activity in cattle (calves and adult). They are powered by a small battery with an expected life span of 3 year and communicate with a reading unit using UHF, being able to cover an area of approximately 200 × 500-m.

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  • The Toxic Effects of Negative Self-Talk - Verywell Mind

    Recommended readings 3 Psychedelics in the Treatment of Depression . This list was made by Jagoda Mackowiak in cooperation, and co-published, with Blossom.. Depression is a mental disorder characterized by symptoms like mood disturbances, persistent inability to …

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  • Recommended Readings 3 | Psychedelics in the

    2014-6-6 · Introduction. Working memory (WM), the ability to maintain and actively manipulate information in a temporary memory buffer (Baddeley, 1986), is the cognitive component shared practically by all executive function tasks.Without the capacity to hold and manipulate information in real time, complex cognition is virtually impossible.

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  • Emotional working memory during sustained

    abnormal psych. a syndrome marked by significant disturbance in one's cognition, emotion regulation, and behavior is a: Nice work! You just studied 162 terms! Now up your study game with Learn mode.

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  • Common versus specific factors in psychotherapy:

    2017-12-21 · based on the principle that there is a relationship between how people communicate and interact with others and their mental states. Mentalisation-based treatment 7 A form of psychodynamic psychotherapy that aims to increase capacity for mentalisation (a process of implicit and explicit interpretation of the actions of oneself and others as

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  • Frontiers | The Effect of Enumeration of Self-Relevant ...

    2021-1-28 · The aim of this study was to develop and describe a protocol for assessing welfare in camels reared in intensive or semi-intensive systems. A literature review was conducted searching for scientific papers on assessment of animal welfare and camel behavior, management, physiology, and pathology. The paradigms of Five Freedoms, the Five Domains Model, and the welfare principles and criteria ...

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  • Frontiers | The First Protocol for Assessing Welfare of ...

    2019-10-9 · •Basic principle is that the way you perceive and appraise events affect how you feel and behave •CBT aims to modify maladaptive or unhelpful thinking/thinking patterns Skills required D. Bolton, CBT for children and families Metacognition: thinking about thinking 1. Recognising thoughts 2.

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  • Adapting psychological therapies for treatment of mental ...

    Fax + 86 23 68254139. Email [email protected] Purpose: Past-negative time perspective (PNTP) can affect our everyday lives and is associated with negative emotions, unhealthy behaviors, rumination, anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

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  • Dispositional Mindfulness and Past-Negative Time ...

    Introduction. Emerging adulthood presents a paradox of, on the one hand, robust physical health and relative optimism, and on the other hand, a high risk for depressive and behavioral disorders and developmental and social vulnerability [1, 18].Emerging adults, defined herein as individuals 18-25 years of age, have the highest incidence and cumulative prevalence of depression of any age group ...

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  • A Qualitative Exploration of Depression in Emerging ...

    2014-6-6 · Introduction. Working memory (WM), the ability to maintain and actively manipulate information in a temporary memory buffer (Baddeley, 1986), is the cognitive component shared practically by all executive function tasks.Without the capacity to hold and manipulate information in real time, complex cognition is virtually impossible.

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  • Emotional working memory during sustained

    2020-6-5 · 5.4 A note on the free-energy principle and active inference. According the free-energy principle (FEP) and theories of active inference (Dayan, Hinton, Neal, & Zemel, 1995; Friston, 2010; Friston, Daunizeau, & Kiebel, 2009), the brain corresponds to a biomechanical reasoning engine. Much of neural computation is dedicated to minimizing the ...

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  • Dark control: The default mode network as a

    Not surprisingly, exposure to stress is generally associated with a wide range of negative outcomes, including decreased well-being, increased incidence of disease, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and major depressive disorder (Dohrenwend & Dohrenwend, 1974; Kendler et al., 1999; Monat et al., 2007).

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  • Resilience in the face of stress: emotion regulation as

    abnormal psych. a syndrome marked by significant disturbance in one's cognition, emotion regulation, and behavior is a: Nice work! You just studied 162 terms! Now up your study game with Learn mode.

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  • Dark control: The default mode network as a

    2020-6-5 · 5.4 A note on the free-energy principle and active inference. According the free-energy principle (FEP) and theories of active inference (Dayan, Hinton, Neal, & Zemel, 1995; Friston, 2010; Friston, Daunizeau, & Kiebel, 2009), the brain corresponds to a biomechanical reasoning engine. Much of neural computation is dedicated to minimizing the ...

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  • Adapting psychological therapies for treatment of mental ...

    2019-10-9 · •Basic principle is that the way you perceive and appraise events affect how you feel and behave •CBT aims to modify maladaptive or unhelpful thinking/thinking patterns Skills required D. Bolton, CBT for children and families Metacognition: thinking about thinking 1. Recognising thoughts 2.

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  • IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental

    Welcome to the Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Environmental Prevention and Pollution Control Technologies (EPPCT 2021), which was supposed to be held in Zhuhai, China during January 15 to 17, 2021, but was changed to be held online due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The online conference was of great success, totally beyond ...

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  • Counseling and Psychotherapeutic Interventions -

    2020-11-3 · Feed was withdrawn for either 12 h, 24 h, 36 h or no feed withdrawal (control group) followed by feed reintroduction. Animal behaviour was affected by the feed withdrawal challenge. Steers from the T12, T24 and T36 treatments showed a higher ingestion rate and a lower frequency of rumination after feed re-introduction.

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  • Welfare of cattle at slaughter - - 2020 - EFSA Journal ...

    2020-6-5 · The aim of this randomized wait-list controlled trial was to explore the effects of Mindfulness–Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on risk and protective factors for depressive relapse within the domains of cognition, emotion and self-relatedness. Sixty-eight individuals with recurrent depressive disorder were randomized to MBCT or a wait-list control condition (WLC).

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  • The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on

    2012-2-9 · The core principles of behavioural activation. 4. The 10 Core principles of BA.. 4. Principle 1: The key to changing how people feel is helping them change what they do. 5. Principle 2: Changes in life can lead to depression, and short term coping strategies may keep people stuck over time 5. Principle 3: The clues to figuring out what will be ...

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  • CBT: Behavioural Activation For Depression: Martell ...

    2016-12-22 · The sense of agency for BMI control decreased when the incongruence between the predicted and actual sensory feedback was high 84. Other factors that are likely to …

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  • Increased nature relatedness and decreased

    We all have our varying mental emphases, inclinations, and biases. These individual dispositions are dynamic in that they can change over time and context. We propose that these changing states of mind (SoMs) are holistic in that they exert all-encompassing and coordinated effects simultaneously on our perception, attention, thought, affect, and behavior.

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  • Ah, wilderness! Is nature the tonic we’ve needed for ...

    2021-4-21 · Those who took the nature walk reported decreased rumination, a term used by psychologists to describe a pattern of typically negative thinking that is sometimes linked to depression and other mental illnesses. In the same subjects, brain scans showed decreased activity in a brain region called the subgenual prefrontal cortex, involved in ...

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  • Group rumination-focused cognitive-behavioural

    2019-1-11 · RFCBT is a principle-driven manualized CBT treatment for depression, adopting a behavioural activation perspective (Martell et al., Reference Martell, Addis and Jacobson 2001), in which rumination is conceived as a learnt habitual behaviour developed through negative reinforcement (Watkins and Nolen-Hoeksema, Reference Watkins and Nolen ...

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  • Do Materialistic Adolescents Ruminate More About

    2020-12-31 · Further, this rumination may be a key psychological process that maintains negative moods and exacerbates mental health problems, leading to increasing psychological distress (Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991; Wei et al., 2005); however, exploring predictors of social media rumination may be beneficial, as there is a paucity of research examining ...

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  • Greg Siegle Research Statement - Pitt

    2005-1-12 · Rumination: One construct, many features in healthy individuals, depressed individuals, and individuals with Lupus. Cognitive Therapy & Research. 2004;28:645-668. 24. Siegle GJ. From brain activity to intervention. Paper presented at: Advances in the Treatment of …

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  • Does Exposure to Noise Lead to Decreased Regulatory ...

    2016-1-27 · Go/no-go test refers to a pass/fail test (or check) principle. In psychology Go/No-go tests are used to measure a participant’s capacity for sustained attention and response control. In the case of our studies, during Go test participants were required to press a button each time a centered black circle of 2 cm diameter was presented on the ...

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  • Toward Circuit Mechanisms of Pathophysiology in

    2020-5-1 · The result confirmed a principle that had long been presumed and may be important in depression, and that would guide the design of many optogenetic experiments over the subsequent decade, namely, that the specificity of long-range connectivity is …

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  • Decentering as a core component in the psychological ...

    2021-5-14 · Decentering is a ubiquitous therapeutic concept featuring in multiple schools of psychological intervention and science. It describes an ability to notice to day-to-day psychological stressors ...

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  • Cognitive Mechanisms of Treatment in Depression ...

    2011-10-5 · CBT (or simply cognitive therapy: CT) is focused on modifying negative cognitions (dysfunctional schemata) that are held to be the primary cause of depression ( …

    Get Price
  • Antidepressants: A Research Update and a Case

    2018-12-20 · A Medications Case Example: Despair, Delight, Disaster, and More. Many thanks to LC, for sharing her antidepressant experiences. LC: It all started one late afternoon. I was in my car with my ...

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  • PSYC 420 Final Quiz Answers Flashcards | Quizlet

    The sensory abnormalities of children with autism spectrum disorder may take the form of hypersensitivity to sound, light, or smell. B. Children with autism spectrum disorder always engage in the imitative play patterns. C. Autism spectrum disorder is caused by a change in a gene called FMRI. D.

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  • Using fMRI to study reward processing in humans:

    2016-3-25 · Much of the work that was discussed in the preceding sections is predicated on the principle of functional segregation, which relates functions (e.g., reward-related) to populations of neurons or single brain regions (e.g., striatum; Friston 2005; Raichle 2003).

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  • Ah, wilderness! Is nature the tonic we’ve needed for ...

    2021-4-21 · Those who took the nature walk reported decreased rumination, a term used by psychologists to describe a pattern of typically negative thinking that is sometimes linked to depression and other mental illnesses. In the same subjects, brain scans showed decreased activity in a brain region called the subgenual prefrontal cortex, involved in ...

    Get Price
  • Toward Circuit Mechanisms of Pathophysiology in

    2020-5-1 · The result confirmed a principle that had long been presumed and may be important in depression, and that would guide the design of many optogenetic experiments over the subsequent decade, namely, that the specificity of long-range connectivity is …

    Get Price
  • Decentering as a core component in the psychological ...

    2021-5-14 · Decentering is a ubiquitous therapeutic concept featuring in multiple schools of psychological intervention and science. It describes an ability to notice to day-to-day psychological stressors ...

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  • Hot and cold executive functions in the brain: A ...

    2021-4-23 · Although the hot–cold organising principle of EFs has been most often linked to the PFC (as shown in Figure 1), here we attempt to broaden this principle to cingulate areas as well, due to their significant involvement in executive and cognitive control functions.It is, however, notable that EFs and especially hot EFs are closely related to subcortical areas involved in emotional processing ...

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  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder | The BMJ

    2014-4-7 · Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterised by the presence of obsessions or compulsions, or commonly of both. OCD is the fourth most common mental disorder after depression, alcohol/substance misuse, and social phobia, with a lifetime prevalence in community surveys of 1.6%.1 The severity of OCD differs markedly from one person to another.

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  • Wuhan #coronavirus/CoVid-19 Rumination #7 –

    2020-4-27 · This #7 rumination returns to the original climate analogy theme, concerning the possible CoViD-19 therapy Ivermectin. (Much such stuff is now on various blogs, especially in Australia where it is a common anti-parasitic sheep dip.) I did some more basic research, which follows as #7. Ivermectin is a semisynthetic derivative of a soil organism ...

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  • Antidepressants: A Research Update and a Case

    2018-12-20 · A Medications Case Example: Despair, Delight, Disaster, and More. Many thanks to LC, for sharing her antidepressant experiences. LC: It all started one late afternoon. I was in my car with my ...

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  • Neurobiology of Depression Flashcards | Quizlet

    - Attentional bias towards negative information, rumination (continous thoughts), susceptibility to negative feedback - Deficient 'positive information' processing - Decreased response to anticipation or experience of positive rewards (anhedonia)

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  • PSYC 420 Final Quiz Answers Flashcards | Quizlet

    The sensory abnormalities of children with autism spectrum disorder may take the form of hypersensitivity to sound, light, or smell. B. Children with autism spectrum disorder always engage in the imitative play patterns. C. Autism spectrum disorder is caused by a change in a gene called FMRI. D.

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  • Greg Siegle Research Statement - Pitt

    2005-1-12 · Rumination: One construct, many features in healthy individuals, depressed individuals, and individuals with Lupus. Cognitive Therapy & Research. 2004;28:645-668. 24. Siegle GJ. From brain activity to intervention. Paper presented at: Advances in the Treatment of …

    Get Price
  • A prospective study of pre-trauma risk factors for post ...

    2016-1-27 · Go/no-go test refers to a pass/fail test (or check) principle. In psychology Go/No-go tests are used to measure a participant’s capacity for sustained attention and response control. In the case of our studies, during Go test participants were required to press a button each time a centered black circle of 2 cm diameter was presented on the ...

    Get Price
  • Does Exposure to Noise Lead to Decreased Regulatory ...

    2016-4-1 · It is hypothesized that the grieving process of relatives of missing persons is complicated by having to deal with uncertainty about the fate of their loved one. We developed a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with mindfulness that focuses on dealing with this uncertainty. In this article, we elucidate the rationale of a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) for testing the feasibility ...

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  • Subacute ruminal acidosis from Vetlexicon | Definitive ...

    2014-1-28 · Objectives The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite mindfulness-related multi-component health promotion intervention on work engagement, mental health, need for recovery and mindfulness. Methods In a randomized controlled trial design, 257 workers of two research institutes participated. The intervention group (n = 129) received a targeted mindfulness ...

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  • Cognitive behavioural therapy for psychopathology in ...

    2011-10-5 · CBT (or simply cognitive therapy: CT) is focused on modifying negative cognitions (dysfunctional schemata) that are held to be the primary cause of depression ( …

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  • Effectiveness of a Worksite Mindfulness-Related Multi ...

    The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of two different pasture-based finishing strategies and lairage time on steers welfare in Uruguayan conditions. Sixty Hereford (H) and Braford (B) steers were assigned to two different diets for finishing purposes: (D1) native pasture plus corn grain (1% of live weight) (H n = 15, B n = 15) and (D2) high-quality pasture (H n = 15, B n ...

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  • Cognitive Mechanisms of Treatment in Depression ...

    Training working memory to improve attentional control in anxiety: A proof-of-principle study using behavioral and electrophysiological measures more by Ernst H.W. Koster Trait anxiety is associated with impairments in attentional control and processing efficiency (see …

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    2018-12-20 · A Medications Case Example: Despair, Delight, Disaster, and More. Many thanks to LC, for sharing her antidepressant experiences. LC: It all started one late afternoon. I was in my car with my ...

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