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xielijinfang acting on piglet maternal diarrhea types

  • Identification of Faecal Maternal Semiochemicals in

    The application of skatole and myristic acid to the feeders of weaned pigs significantly reduced piglet aggression by 30% and tended to increase feeding behaviour by 35% the first 24 h post-weaning. These results suggest that skatole and myristic acid might be acting as a multicomponent maternal signal that attracts piglets and has a calming ...

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  • Effects of Low-Dose Antibiotics on Gut Immunity and ...

    Particularly, maternal-infant transmission of antibiotics via breastmilk represents a great concern regarding infant health. In this study, we investigated the effects of 4-week low-dose antibiotic (LDA) treatment on the host immunity and antibiotic resistomes in weaned piglets.

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  • Protein Level and Infantile Diarrhea in a Postweaning ...

    Infantile diarrhea is usually distinguished as acute for diarrhea continuing exist for about 2 weeks or acting as a chronic disease if the diarrhea lasts beyond 2 weeks . Diarrhea disease induces high morbidity and mortality in children younger than five years [ 3 ].

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  • Methodology and application of Escherichia coli F4 and

    2019-6-13 · tion); fecal score; post-weaning diarrhea and pig/por-cine/piglet. Furthermore, published research studies based only on in vitro experiments were excluded from the studies considered. F4 and F18 ETEC and their putative receptors in piglets Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains are characterized by two types of virulence factors: 1) adhesins ...

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  • INVITED REVIEW: Piglet mortality: Management

    If the piglet can move adequately after taping, it can be left on the sow; otherwise the piglet needs to be placed in a warm location and fed (Cutler et al., 2006; Fangman and Amass, 2007). It may also be possible to reduce the prevalence of splayleg by genetic selection because it differs substantially between genetic strains and has a high heritability ( Sellier and Ollivier, 1982 ).

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  • Icariin and its phosphorylated derivatives alleviate ...

    2019-12-6 · 1 INTRODUCTION. Diarrhea and intestinal diseases in neonates and postweaning piglets caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) K88 is a major challenge for the swine industry worldwide. 1-3 As a common pathogen, ETEC adheres to the intestinal mucosal epithelial cells and adjacent mucosal layer-specific glycoprotein receptors through the bacterial surface of the bacteria, …

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  • Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in veterinary medicine ...

    2005-10-5 · Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection is the most common type of colibacillosis of young animals (primarily pigs and calves), and it is a significant cause of diarrhoea among travellers and children in the developing world. The main virulence attributes of ETEC are adhesins and enterotoxins, which are mostly regulated on large plasmids.

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  • Evidence for a common mucosal immune system in

    2015-7-1 · Piglets that were oro-nasally exposed to TGEV developed diarrhea and shed virus from rectum with lesser shedding in the nasal passages (Brim et al., 1995, Vancott et al., 1994). These pigs were protected against clinical signs of disease after challenge.

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  • Status of vaccine research and development for

    2016-6-3 · A successful strategy to control childhood diarrhea caused by Shigella would need to employ all effective diarrheal disease prevention and treatment interventions—including not only vaccines but also improved sanitation and hygiene, access to clean and potable water, and exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life—to help ensure long-term success and maximum impact. While a comprehensive approach to diarrhea …

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  • Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus: Molecular

    2020-10-1 · Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes an emerging and re-emerging coronavirus disease characterized by vomiting, acute diarrhea, dehydration, and up to 100% mortality in neonatal suckling piglets, leading to huge economic losses in the global swine industry. Vaccination remains the most promising and effective way to prevent and control ...

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  • Baby Pig Management – Birth to Weaning – Hogs,

    2019-8-28 · Give the piglet 10-15ml of colostrum once or twice during the first 24 hours of life. Crossfostering. The lowest piglet mortality is observed in high birthweight litters with low within-litter piglet weight variation. Crossfostering is the most effective way to reduce within-litter piglet weight variation.

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  • Methodology and application of Escherichia coli F4

    2019-6-13 · Post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) appears primarily during the first 2 weeks post-weaning of the piglet. According to the literature, the most diffuse etiological agents responsible for PWD in piglets are enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) displaying the fimbriae F4 and F18. To control the risk related to the occurrence of PWD, the improper use of antibiotic treatment during the first 2 weeks ...

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  • Effects of Early Intervention with Maternal Fecal ...

    2016-4-1 · Neonatal piglet mortality remains a major and multifactorial issue in pig farming (Decaluwé et al., 2014).Nutritional or management strategies that can increase piglets' neonatal survival have been developed (Herpin et al., 2001, De Vos et al., 2014, Theil et al., 2014).Treatment of neonatal asphyxia has involved the oral or subcutaneous use of caffeine in newborn infant (Schmidt et al., 2006 ...

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  • Effects of oral administration of caffeine on some ...

    2015-7-1 · Due to the hostile environment of the gastrointestinal tract and coupled with the propensity of the oral immune system to respond with tolerance to oral antigens, it is a substantial challenge to elicit protective mucosal immune responses in the gut using oral immunizations (Faria et al., 2003, Faria and Weiner, 2005, Strobel and Ferguson, 1985, Strobel and Mowat, 1998).

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  • Common Pig Diseases [Identifying and Treating

    Similarly, during the first week after weaning, piglet intestinal tissues undergo an inflammatory response, notably with the upregulation of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α []. Although TNF-α expression induced by microbial colonization at birth is restricted to the spleen and promotes pre-cDC1 maturation [ [ 192 ] ], TNF-α expression induced by the ...

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  • Evidence for a common mucosal immune system in

    2019-8-26 · Introduction ‘The human microbiota is the focus of one of the most dynamic research fields of our time’ – with this sentence starts a recent Cell review on the human gut microbiome (Schmidt et al., 2018).When looking to the coverage of microbiome research in Nature, Science, Cell and their sister journals, this judgement is by no means an exaggeration.

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  • Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus: Molecular

    2020-10-1 · Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes an emerging and re-emerging coronavirus disease characterized by vomiting, acute diarrhea, dehydration, and up to 100% mortality in neonatal suckling piglets, leading to huge economic losses in the global swine industry. Vaccination remains the most promising and effective way to prevent and control ...

    Get Price
  • Methodology and application of Escherichia coli F4

    2019-6-13 · Post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) appears primarily during the first 2 weeks post-weaning of the piglet. According to the literature, the most diffuse etiological agents responsible for PWD in piglets are enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) displaying the fimbriae F4 and F18. To control the risk related to the occurrence of PWD, the improper use of antibiotic treatment during the first 2 weeks ...

    Get Price
  • [PDF] Effects of Early Intervention with Maternal Fecal ...

    We investigated the effects of early intervention with maternal fecal microbiota and antibiotics on gut microbiota and the metabolites. Five litters of healthy neonatal piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire, nine piglets in each litter) were used. Piglets in each litter were orally treated with saline (CO), amoxicillin treatment (AM), or maternal fecal microbiota transplantation (MFMT) on ...

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  • Maternal investment, sibling competition, and

    2011-1-12 · The aim of this study was to examine the effects of litter size and parity on sibling competition, piglet survival, and weight gain. It was predicted that competition for teats would increase with increasing litter size, resulting in a higher mortality due to maternal infanticide (i.e., crushing) and starvation, thus keeping the number of surviving piglets constant.

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  • Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in veterinary medicine ...

    2005-10-5 · Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection is the most common type of colibacillosis of young animals (primarily pigs and calves), and it is a significant cause of diarrhoea among travellers and children in the developing world. The main virulence attributes of ETEC are adhesins and enterotoxins, which are mostly regulated on large plasmids. Almost all ETEC bacteria are known to adhere ...

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  • Coccidiosis (Coccidia parasites) | The Pig Site

    2020-9-18 · Coccidiosis is caused by small parasites called coccidia that live and multiply inside the host cells, mainly in the intestinal tract. There are three types, Eimeria, Isospora and Cryptosporidia. Disease is common and widespread in sucking piglets and occasionally in pigs up to 15 weeks of age. Diarrhoea is the main clinical sign. The life cycle

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  • Spatial and temporal key steps in early‐life intestinal ...

    Similarly, during the first week after weaning, piglet intestinal tissues undergo an inflammatory response, notably with the upregulation of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α []. Although TNF-α expression induced by microbial colonization at birth is restricted to the spleen and promotes pre-cDC1 maturation [ [ 192 ] ], TNF-α expression induced by the ...

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  • 8 Pig Diseases the Small Producer Should Know -

    2021-7-4 · Types of Parasites Common in Pigs. The worms commonly associated with raising pigs include roundworms, lungworms, whipworms, and red stomach worms. Some deworming products are added to the water, feed or injected. Coccidostats are administered in the treatment of coccidia, a microorganism that causes diarrhea and failure to thrive.

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  • Rotavirus Disease Mechanisms - ScienceDirect

    2016-1-1 · While the clinical importance of human RV disease is well recognized and potent vaccines have been developed, our current understanding of RV disease mechanisms is to a major part derived from in vitro studies and animal models and to a minor part from pathology and treatment interventions in humans (Lundgren and Svensson, 2001, Lundgren and Svensson, 2003, Michelangeli and Ruiz, …

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  • Recent advances in the use of fatty acids as

    2010-11-25 · Decuypere, J., Dierick, N., 2000. The combined use of glycerides containing medium chain fatty acids and selected lipases as feed supplements as an alternative for in feed antibiotics in early weaned pigs. European Patent Publication EP 1059041 (13 December 2000) and PCT Publication WO 00/74497 (14 December 2000). Google Scholar.

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  • Methodology and application of Escherichia coli F4

    2019-6-13 · Post-weaning diarrhea (PWD) appears primarily during the first 2 weeks post-weaning of the piglet. According to the literature, the most diffuse etiological agents responsible for PWD in piglets are enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) displaying the fimbriae F4 and F18. To control the risk related to the occurrence of PWD, the improper use of antibiotic treatment during the first 2 weeks ...

    Get Price
  • [PDF] Effects of Early Intervention with Maternal Fecal ...

    We investigated the effects of early intervention with maternal fecal microbiota and antibiotics on gut microbiota and the metabolites. Five litters of healthy neonatal piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire, nine piglets in each litter) were used. Piglets in each litter were orally treated with saline (CO), amoxicillin treatment (AM), or maternal fecal microbiota transplantation (MFMT) on ...

    Get Price
  • Maternal investment, sibling competition, and

    2011-1-12 · The aim of this study was to examine the effects of litter size and parity on sibling competition, piglet survival, and weight gain. It was predicted that competition for teats would increase with increasing litter size, resulting in a higher mortality due to maternal infanticide (i.e., crushing) and starvation, thus keeping the number of surviving piglets constant.

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  • Maternal investment, sibling competition, and

    2011-1-12 · Introduction. Most evolutionary models assume that there is a trade-off between the number of offspring and the fitness of each of them (e.g., Lack 1947; Smith and Fretwell 1974; Lessells 1991).This fitness reduction may be a consequence of reduced maternal care, of an increased level of sibling competition, or both mechanisms may be acting at the same time.

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  • Farm Health Online – Animal Health and Welfare

    2017-10-17 · Until the piglet gut can mount sophisticated gut immune responses involving effective crosstalk between a number of different cell types it must rely upon maternal colostrum and milk as critical factors that confer passive immune protection and enhance the development of enteric defense mechanisms (Zabielski et al., 2008).

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  • Host Defense in the Piglet Gut: A Brief Review -

    2021-7-4 · Types of Parasites Common in Pigs. The worms commonly associated with raising pigs include roundworms, lungworms, whipworms, and red stomach worms. Some deworming products are added to the water, feed or injected. Coccidostats are administered in the treatment of coccidia, a microorganism that causes diarrhea and failure to thrive.

    Get Price
  • 8 Pig Diseases the Small Producer Should Know -

    2020-8-6 · Control of Lice, Flies, Mange. Scrub sows with Gamma BHC insecticides four days before farrowing. Clean and scrub the farrowing pens before use. Maintain proper animal nutrition and health program to reduce severity and spread. Recommended control products are: ivermectin (1% injectable), or malathion (1% spray).

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  • Human milk oligosaccharide DSLNT and gut

    Financial analysis of Piglet's Big Movie (2003) including budget, domestic and international box office gross, DVD and Blu-ray sales reports, total earnings and profitability.

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  • Maternal regulation of offspring development in

    2013-6-15 · Maternal regulation of offspring development in mammals is an ancient adaptation tied to lactation. ... All three types of casein genes (α-, β-, and κ-caseins) are found in monotremes, marsupials and placental mammals, ... where breastfeeding is an important factor protecting against diarrhea …

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  • Diarrhea, Diarrhoea - Issue 16 Dialogue on Diarrhoea ...

    2019-8-31 · DDOnline Diarrhoea Dialogue Online Issue 16 February 1984 Page 1 2. Diarrhoea and immunization - a valuable ally? Disentangling the causes of early childhood death in the developing world is complicated. The='dd15.htm'>last issue of Diarrhoea Dialogue discussed the dangerous partnership between malnutrition and diarrhoeal disease.Improved feeding and widespread use of oral rehydration …

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  • UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF TRANSFERRED

    2020-12-4 · Goals Objectives Develop an in vitro model for the assessment of the effects of colostral components on antigen presenting cells and lymphocytes in the neonate, including the maturation of the cells and the effects on their interactions. 2) Develop an in vivo model to evaluate the trafficking of maternal cells and the effects of maternal alloantigens in the development of neonatal immune ...

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  • Dietary Fiber and Intestinal Health of Monogastric

    2021-3-20 · Hence, two pathogens acting together would increase the inflammatory reaction through an increase in the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Still, immunosuppression has been demonstrated in some PRRSV infection studies and thus may lead to a higher susceptibility to bacterial co-infection in affected pigs [51, 52].

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  • Review of the speculative role of co-infections in ...

    2008-10-22 · Finally, increased intestinal secretion of water and electrolytes is a major factor in the pathogenesis of certain types of acute diarrhea. Enteropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli produce soluble enterotoxins (Kohler, 1968; Moon, 1978; Smith and Halls, 1967), which alter bidirectional Na + and water flux (Fig. 14-8).

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  • Gastrointestinal Function - PubMed Central (PMC)

    2020-7-2 · RNA in milk exosomes can be absorbed in the mammalian intestinal tract and function in gene expression regulations. Our previous work demonstrated that porcine milk exosomes (PME) contain large amounts of miRNAs and mRNAs. Increasing evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs) are of particular interest, given their key role in diverse biological ...

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  • Frontiers | Exploration of Long Non-coding RNAs and ...

    2018-11-27 · Li, M. et al. Human milk oligosaccharides shorten rotavirus-induced diarrhea and modulate piglet mucosal immunity and colonic microbiota. ISME J. 8 …

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  • Human milk oligosaccharides, milk microbiome and

    Maternal investment, sibling competition, and offspring survival with increasing litter size and parity in pigs (Sus scrofa) Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 2011. Knut Bøe. Inger Andersen. Knut Bøe. Inger Andersen. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper.

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  • Gastrointestinal Function - PubMed Central (PMC)

    2008-10-22 · Finally, increased intestinal secretion of water and electrolytes is a major factor in the pathogenesis of certain types of acute diarrhea. Enteropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli produce soluble enterotoxins (Kohler, 1968; Moon, 1978; Smith and Halls, 1967), which alter bidirectional Na + and water flux (Fig. 14-8).

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  • UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF TRANSFERRED

    2020-12-4 · Goals Objectives Develop an in vitro model for the assessment of the effects of colostral components on antigen presenting cells and lymphocytes in the neonate, including the maturation of the cells and the effects on their interactions. 2) Develop an in vivo model to evaluate the trafficking of maternal cells and the effects of maternal alloantigens in the development of neonatal immune ...

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  • Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome

    2021-7-19 · return to Swine Manual index. Definition. PRRS is an acronym (porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome) for a viral disease characterized by two overlapping clinical presentations, reproductive impairment or failure in breeding animals, and respiratory disease in pigs of any age.

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  • Diarrhea, Diarrhoea - Issue 16 Dialogue on Diarrhoea ...

    2019-8-31 · DDOnline Diarrhoea Dialogue Online Issue 16 February 1984 Page 1 2. Diarrhoea and immunization - a valuable ally? Disentangling the causes of early childhood death in the developing world is complicated. The='dd15.htm'>last issue of Diarrhoea Dialogue discussed the dangerous partnership between malnutrition and diarrhoeal disease.Improved feeding and widespread use of oral rehydration …

    Get Price
  • Common Mini Pig Illness/Diseases - Mini Pig Info

    Maternal investment, sibling competition, and offspring survival with increasing litter size and parity in pigs (Sus scrofa) Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 2011. Knut Bøe. Inger Andersen. Knut Bøe. Inger Andersen. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper.

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  • (PDF) Maternal investment, sibling competition, and ...

    2018-1-19 · Amoxicillin has become a major antimicrobial substance in pig medicine for the treatment and control of severe, systemic infections such as Streptococcus suis.The minimum inhibitory concentration 90% (MIC 90) is 0.06 μg amoxicillin/ml, and the proposed epidemiological cut-off value (ECOFF) is 0.5 μg/ml, giving only 0.7% of isolates above the ECOFF or of reduced susceptibility.

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  • Amoxicillin—current use in swine medicine - Burch -

    Abstract. Bifidobacteria are the predominant bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract of an infant. The colonization pattern of the bifidobacteria is affected by mode of delivery and types of feeding. Newborns from vaginal delivery are firstly exposed to maternal vaginal, fecal, and skin bacteria, such as Lactobacillus, Prevotella, and Atopobium.

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  • Bifidobacterium for Infants: Essence and Efficacy ...

    2020-3-7 · 4. Choose a grain for your pig. Whatever you choose, 50% of your feed should be yellow corn. The remainder of your pig’s feed should be a mix of barley, wheat, and sorghum. Feed your pig various grains and see which it likes best. Use the pig’s favorite grain in abundance in …

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  • Review of the speculative role of co-infections in ...

    2021-3-20 · Hence, two pathogens acting together would increase the inflammatory reaction through an increase in the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Still, immunosuppression has been demonstrated in some PRRSV infection studies and thus may lead to a higher susceptibility to bacterial co-infection in affected pigs [51, 52].

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  • Review on Rotavirus - Canada.ca

    2021-7-19 · Lecce JG, King MW, Dorsey WE. Rearing regimen producing piglet diarrhea (rotavirus) and its relevance to acute infantile diarrhea. Science. 1978;199:766-78. Return to footnote 79 referrer. Footnote 80. Sharieff W, Bhutta Z, Schauer C et al. Micronutrients (including zinc) reduce diarrhoea in children: The Pakistan Sprinkles Diarrhoea Study.

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  • Intestinal gene expression in pigs: effects of reduced ...

    2015-4-21 · In terms of piglet infections, faecal shedding peaks at 6 days p.i., but with some pigs (10 %) still shedding at 28 days p.i. The environmental survival of current strains in faeces and water is around 7 days, but with survival in feeds, fomites and slurry from 14 to 28 days.

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  • PED technical update: virus evolution and outbreaks ...

    2020-8-18 · Bisphenol A (BPA), a globally prevalent environmental contaminant, has been shown to have the potential to disrupt intestinal barrier function. This study explored the mechanisms of BPA-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction. In addition, the protective effect of the natural product icariin (ICA) on BPA-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction was evaluated. BPA relieved oxidative stress ...

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  • Icariin Alleviates Bisphenol A Induced Disruption of ...

    2021-7-14 · A systematic review and activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis of the central innervation of the lower urinary tract: Pelvic floor motor control and micturition. February 03, 2021 ...

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  • Medscape | PLoS One - Publication Information

    2018-7-31 · Innate defense mechanisms are aimed at quickly containing and removing infectious microorganisms and involve local stromal and immune cell activation, neutrophil recruitment and activation and the induction of host defense peptides (defensins and cathelicidins), acute phase proteins and complement activation. As an alternative to antibiotics, innate immune mechanisms are highly …

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  • The potential for immunoglobulins and host defense ...

    2021-3-9 · Antibiotics have been used in pork production to prevent diseases and to increase productivity since the 1940’s 1.Due to the established connection of antibiotic use in animals and the emergence ...

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  • Swine growth promotion with antibiotics or

    2015-8-24 · These glycans may display pleiotropic functions, conferring protection against infectious diseases and also acting as prebiotics, selecting for the growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria. The prebiotic effect of milk glycans has direct application to prevention of diseases such as necrotizing enterocolitis, a common and devastating disease of preterm infants.

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  • (PDF) Piglet mortality: management solutions. |

    Journal of Animal Science, 91, 3361-3389. 3 DOI: 10.2527/jas.2012-5637 4 Pre-publication copy. 5 6 Piglet mortality: management solutions1 7 8 9 R. D. Kirkden*, D. M. Broom* and I. L. Andersen† 10 * 11 University of Cambridge, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Madingley Road, 12 Cambridge, CB3 0ES, UK 13 †Norwegian University of Life ...

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  • Protective milk shot: How mother's milk protects

    2014-5-23 · Antibodies against C. suis are transferred via the sow’s very first milk to the piglets immediately after birth. This was discovered by a veterinarian and …

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  • Effect of Multi-Microbial Probiotic Formulation

    2018-1-5 · The use of probiotics in sows during pregnancy and lactation and their impact on the quality of colostrum and milk, as well as the health conditions of their offspring during the rearing period, are currently gaining the attention of researchers. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of Bokashi formulation on the concentrations of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the serum of ...

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  • Review of the speculative role of co-infections in ...

    2020-5-13 · A suggestion that diarrhea in infants under phototherapy for NNJ might be of the secretory type seemed supported by findings from in vivo studies of perfused hamster small intestines, in which perfusion with bilirubin solution caused secretion of sodium and water, while control animals exhibited absorption of both (174, 706).

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  • The immune system and the immunity in swine: Cell

    2015-6-6 · Bacterial infections of intestine in animals 1. Bacterial Infections of Intestine 2. Bacterial survival, persistence, and proliferation are controlled by virulence genes Bacterial virulence can be resolved into five components: attachment colonization or entry into the host evasion of host defense multiplication and/or spread within the host, and damage to the host, by direct virulence ...

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  • Molecular Physiology and Pathophysiology of

    Abstract The intestine constitutes the largest interface between a person and his or her environment, and an intact intestinal barrier is thus essential in maintaining health and preventing tissue injury and several diseases. The intestinal barrier has various immunological and non‐immunological components. The epithelial barrier is one of the most important non‐immunological components.

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  • Bacterial infections of intestine in animals

    2019-10-27 · Vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) play an important role in regulating and shaping an immune response. Deficiencies generally result in inadequate or dysregulated cellular activity and cytokine expression, thereby affecting the immune response. Decreased levels of natural killer, granulocyte, and phagocytic cell activity and T and B cell proliferation and trafficking are associated …

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  • Intestinal barrier: An interface between health and ...

    Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of progesterone/progestin supplementation from Day 6 of pregnancy on total number of embryos (TE), pregnancy rate (PR), embryo development, and maternal serum 17β-oestradiol concentration (17β …

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  • Protective milk shot: How mother's milk protects

    2014-5-23 · Antibodies against C. suis are transferred via the sow’s very first milk to the piglets immediately after birth. This was discovered by a veterinarian and …

    Get Price
  • Animal models of gastrointestinal and liver diseases ...

    2019-10-29 · Piglet studies showed that a midjejunal resection leads to better nutrient absorption and clinical outcome than distal small intestinal resection . The third type of small bowel resection is removal of distal small intestinal segments, resulting initially in a jejunostomy with a stoma creation until later reanastomosis (e.g., after 6–8 wk).

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  • Invited Review: The preterm pig as a model in

    (A–C) Incubator types, room design, and clinical care procedures have been adjusted over the years to improve the care and neonatal adaptation of 20 to 25 preterm piglets per litter. After (B) placement of an orogastric feeding tube and a vascular catheter into a jugular vein or umbilical artery, (C, D) the piglets are placed in heated ...

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  • Intestinal barrier: An interface between health and ...

    Abstract The intestine constitutes the largest interface between a person and his or her environment, and an intact intestinal barrier is thus essential in maintaining health and preventing tissue injury and several diseases. The intestinal barrier has various immunological and non‐immunological components. The epithelial barrier is one of the most important non‐immunological components.

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  • Review of the speculative role of co-infections in ...

    2020-5-13 · A suggestion that diarrhea in infants under phototherapy for NNJ might be of the secretory type seemed supported by findings from in vivo studies of perfused hamster small intestines, in which perfusion with bilirubin solution caused secretion of sodium and water, while control animals exhibited absorption of both (174, 706).

    Get Price
  • Molecular Physiology and Pathophysiology of

    2019-10-27 · Vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) play an important role in regulating and shaping an immune response. Deficiencies generally result in inadequate or dysregulated cellular activity and cytokine expression, thereby affecting the immune response. Decreased levels of natural killer, granulocyte, and phagocytic cell activity and T and B cell proliferation and trafficking are associated …

    Get Price
  • Impact of Micronutrients on the Immune Response of

    2021-7-15 · Paper Digest: Recent Papers on Chlamydia. To help researchers quickly catch up the most recent work in health science, Paper Digest Team extracted all recent Chlamydia related papers on our radar, and list them in this article. This article will be updated on a daily basis to reflect new progresses in this area. (Last updated on: 2021-07-14)

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  • Paper Digest: Recent Papers on Chlamydia – Paper

    Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of progesterone/progestin supplementation from Day 6 of pregnancy on total number of embryos (TE), pregnancy rate (PR), embryo development, and maternal serum 17β-oestradiol concentration (17β …

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  • Protective milk shot: How mother's milk protects

    2014-5-23 · Antibodies against C. suis are transferred via the sow’s very first milk to the piglets immediately after birth. This was discovered by a veterinarian and …

    Get Price
  • Animal models of gastrointestinal and liver diseases ...

    2019-10-29 · Piglet studies showed that a midjejunal resection leads to better nutrient absorption and clinical outcome than distal small intestinal resection . The third type of small bowel resection is removal of distal small intestinal segments, resulting initially in a jejunostomy with a stoma creation until later reanastomosis (e.g., after 6–8 wk).

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  • The immune system and the immunity in swine: Cell

    2020-5-13 · A suggestion that diarrhea in infants under phototherapy for NNJ might be of the secretory type seemed supported by findings from in vivo studies of perfused hamster small intestines, in which perfusion with bilirubin solution caused secretion of sodium and water, while control animals exhibited absorption of both (174, 706).

    Get Price
  • Molecular Physiology and Pathophysiology of

    2007-3-1 · We studied the effect of neonatal maternal separation on the visceromotor response and the expression of c-fos, 5-HT, and its receptors/transporters along the brain-gut axis in an animal model of IBS. Male neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to a 3-h daily maternal separation (MS) or nonhandling (NH) on postnatal days 2–21 ...

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  • American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and

    2018-6-13 · Studying the control of epithelial barrier function has been revealed to be of particular interest in pathological contexts such as inflammatory bowel diseases, irritable bowel syndrome, infection, food intolerance, or celiac disease ().In all of these conditions, epithelial barrier function is affected, and enteric neurons and glia have been shown to play their part in such pathologies.

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  • Review of the speculative role of co-infections in ...

    Diseases of Swine, 11th Edition (VetBooks.ir)

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  • Neurons and Glia in the Enteric Nervous System and ...

    2021-7-15 · American College of Critical Care Medicine algorithm for time-sensitive, goal-directed stepwise management of hemodynamic support in newborns. Proceed to next step if shock persists. 1) First-hour goals—restore and maintain heart rate thresholds, capillary refill ≤ 2 s, and normal blood pressure in the (first hour).

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  • (PDF) Diseases of Swine, 11th Edition (VetBooks.ir ...

    Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of progesterone/progestin supplementation from Day 6 of pregnancy on total number of embryos (TE), pregnancy rate (PR), embryo development, and maternal serum 17β-oestradiol concentration (17β …

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